Using the Accountability Framework Tool

Accountability is the obligation of powerholders to account for or take responsibility for their action. Powerholders hold political, financial or other forms of power and include officials in government, private corporations, and CSOs.

What is it?

This tool was developed and used by the E4A-MamaYe team in 2020 and has been readapted to help you facilitate the measurement of accountability processes by implementers. It aims to allow those who engage in accountability exercises to conduct a self-reflection exercise to map or assess the potential efficacy of their efforts. 

By working through the tool accountability stakeholders can assess the results they contribute to, how and why their actions are working to increase accountability towards health-related outcomes, as well as what may need strengthening to show better results. The tool is structured against four phases of implementation, each with several accountability markers. The four phases are:

  1. Pre-implementation
  2. Implementation
  3. Institutionalisation
  4. Transformation


This training tool is part of the ‘Guide to Coalition building’ developed by E4A-MamaYe and designed for advocates to navigate through the complex journey of building and sustaining a coalition.

It shares approaches and learnings gathered on the project since its start in 2012 with insights provided by the E4A-MamaYe teams in Nigeria and Kenya.